Third Gender & Transgender

Third Gender

The concept of a “third gender” typically refers to a gender category that is outside the traditional binary classification of male and female. In many societies, gender has been understood as a binary concept based on biological sex, where individuals are classified as either male or female. However, some cultures recognize that not everyone fits neatly into these categories and acknowledge the existence of a third gender.

The recognition of a third gender is often rooted in cultural, historical, or religious beliefs. Different societies may have different terms and understandings for the third gender. For example, some cultures have long recognized the existence of hijra in South Asia, fa’afafine in Samoa, Two-Spirit among some Indigenous cultures in North America, and other similar identities in various parts of the world.

It’s important to note that the recognition of a third gender is not universal, and different cultures have diverse perspectives on gender identity. Additionally, discussions about gender have evolved over time, with increased recognition of non-binary and genderqueer identities that go beyond the concept of a third gender. Society’s understanding and acceptance of gender diversity continue to progress, challenging traditional norms and fostering more inclusive perspectives.

Photo: Kamaji Ogino


Transgender is an umbrella term used to describe individuals whose gender identity does not align with the sex assigned to them at birth. In other words, a transgender person’s internal sense of their own gender identity (whether they identify as male, female, or non-binary) differs from the sex they were assigned at birth based on physical characteristics.
For example, a person assigned male at birth may identify as female, and a person assigned female at birth may identify as male. Some transgender individuals may also identify as non-binary, which means that their gender identity does not fit within the traditional categories of male or female.

It’s crucial to understand that being transgender is not a choice; it is an intrinsic aspect of an individual’s identity. Transgender people may undergo a process known as transitioning, which may include social, medical, or legal steps to align their gender presentation with their gender identity. Transitioning can involve changes such as name and pronoun use, hormone therapy, and, in some cases, gender-affirming surgeries. However, not all transgender individuals pursue the same steps, as each person’s journey is unique.

It’s important to respect and affirm transgender individuals by using their preferred names and pronouns and recognizing their gender identity. Supportive and inclusive attitudes contribute to creating a more accepting and understanding society for everyone.

Islam & Transgender

Islam, like many other religious traditions, has diverse perspectives on various issues, including gender and sexuality. It’s important to note that interpretations of Islamic teachings can vary among individuals, communities, and scholars. As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, here are some general points to consider regarding Islam and transgender issues:

Diversity of Views: There is no single, monolithic interpretation of Islamic teachings on transgender issues. Different scholars and communities may hold varying opinions, ranging from acceptance and support to resistance or lack of understanding.

Islamic Principles: Islam, like many other religions, emphasizes compassion, understanding, and respect for all individuals. Some argue that these principles should guide Muslims in their approach to transgender individuals, promoting empathy and avoiding discrimination.

Gender Identity and Islam: Traditional Islamic teachings often emphasize the binary nature of gender, with specific roles and expectations for men and women. However, some argue that these teachings do not necessarily address issues related to gender identity. As understanding of gender identity has evolved, some Muslims argue for a more inclusive and compassionate approach toward transgender individuals.

Cultural and Regional Variations: Attitudes toward transgender individuals within Muslim communities can vary based on cultural, regional, and social factors. In some places, there may be more openness and acceptance, while in others, there might be more resistance or lack of awareness.

Legal and Social Context: The legal and social context in different countries also plays a role in how transgender individuals are treated within Muslim communities. Some countries may be more progressive in recognizing and protecting the rights of transgender individuals, while others may lack such legal frameworks.

Educational Efforts: Some Muslim scholars and activists work towards increasing awareness and understanding of transgender issues within Islamic communities. They may emphasize the importance of education, dialogue, and compassion to foster greater acceptance and support.

It’s crucial to approach discussions about Islam and transgender issues with sensitivity, recognizing the diversity of perspectives within the Muslim community. Keep in mind that attitudes and interpretations may evolve over time, and it’s advisable to seek input from diverse sources, including scholars, activists, and community members, to gain a more comprehensive understanding.

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